Surabaya located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait. As the main seaport and commercial center in the eastern region of Indonesia, Surabaya has become one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia and Indonesia’s second-largest city and the capital of the province of East Java. Today, Surabaya’s population is around three million, and the surrounding rural area houses at least 7 million.
This city is located in the equatorial region. Hence there are only two seasons: a very humid rainy season and a dry season. The minimum temperature in Surabaya is about 25 degree Celsius during the months of January, February and March. Usually the high temperature reaches to about 35 degree Celsius during the month of October.
Surabaya is a multi-ethnic city: foreign nationalities represented include Malaysian, Chinese, Indian, Arab, and European. In addition to Javanese and Maduranese natives, the city also has representatives of other Indonesian areas: Sunda, Minangkabau, Batak, Banjar, Balinese, and Bugis. They adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism. Most citizens speak a dialect of Javanese called Suroboyoan. A stereotype of this dialect concerns its equality and directness in speech. The usage of register is less strict than the Central Java dialect. However, as a multi racial city, most people speak the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. English is also widely spoken at major shops, hotels and universities.